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Smooth coated Collie. Imported 1840’s
The origins of the Koolie:
All breeds began from many, the Australian Koolie is no different.
Our history books show us that serious importations of working breeds were around the beginning of the 1800s, many books on the Kelpie, ACD and Stumpie refer to the influence of the Merle breed in their own breeds foundations.

One such book by Author Angela Sanderson "Australian Dogs" out by the Currawong press refers to the Australian Koolie then called the German Collie, what is of most importance in her book is her own reference to a much earlier German writer Von Stephanitz and his book "The German Shepherd in word and picture" released 1925 in which he writes "The Australian grazier were sufficiently impressed with German sheep dogs to import them, he then names the breed which were imported, as the German Tiger(pronounced with a long "e" not a short "i") and describes them as long or short coated, prick eared type of Merle coloring similar to the type already found in Australia called the German Collie ( this proves that German Tigers were imported, but it proves more importantly that the Koolie was establish and recognized by its own name before actually recorded imported Tigers arrived).

We have evidence that Elizabeth Macarthur, wife of John Macarthur who began the Marino industry here in Australia employed a German by the name of Joseph Pabst at her property in Camden Nsw in 1825 to care for her flocks, Joseph arrived with his family and a number of his German working dogs, believed to be Tigers.(This would put the Tigers presents in Australia much earlier than recorded by Von Stephanitz, which is understandable as he only went by recorded imports of that era)

"Altdeutschehuetehunde" German Tiger 1825
This report indicates that Tigers could have been here a 100 years earlier.
The earlier Tigers would have merged with other working bloodlines, most commonly the smooth coated Collies which were found readily in the southern and central regions and possessed the shorter coat desire in this hotter climate.
The Tiger is not of the Collie bloodlines, but many early Tigers were mistaken for Collies and possibly when a grazier would question a German migrant with a Tiger, "Is that a Collie?" the German would reply in his guttural heavily accented rough English," No Koolie!" He was in fact saying it was not a Collie.

The farmer misunderstanding, believed he called the dog a Koolie and so the name was born from a description of a German working dog mistaken as a Germans Collie to a misunderstanding of the German spoken word of Collie to the acceptance of the name German Koolie. Which was often spelt with a "c" as in Collie and was officially adopted as a "K" to distinguish the Koolie name from Collie.

When the Koolie Club of Australia was formed in 2000, the German was also drop and Australian adopted to increase the publics understanding this breed was Australian not German.

Current Koolie common type breeding strong 160 years

Current status of the Koolie:
The Koolie club of Australia was established in 2000 by a group of breeders and owners who shared an interest and desire to preserve promote and protect the Koolie breed, we created the first Koolie registers of which now numbers over 500.

We are acknowledge by the NSW and Victorian Canine organizations as the only Koolie representatives who have been granted access to the canine associations Sporting registers, where the Koolie is addressed by its given breed name and may compete in all Obedience and herding disciplines but not conformation.
We are the only Officially acknowledged register of Koolie DNA collection for Genetic Technologies Services of Australia.

It is our aim as with all breed clubs to, through our register provide a strong gene pool from which breeders may contribute or utilize as fits their needs, in the short span of five years we have instilled safer breeding practices which offer greater chances of healthier litters, simply by recommending breeders breed their Merle to solids we have seen a dramatic drop in recorded blind/deaf pups and an increase from diluted colors back to stronger colors and a strengthening of working bloodlines.

The Koolie club of Australia's website is under reconstruction with the adding of new material, but please visit and catch our working Koolies in action, this breed is not a pet as some have referred to it, but an excellent working breed, which deserves respect and if not then silence from those who do not yet know everything there is to know.

Our register is an open register which enables us to accept all Koolies and possible Koolie influenced bloodlines, there are several sections including Section B, foundation dogs-the first Koolies in a line, or those with only one parent registered, Section A, Koolies with both parent registered in Section B or A, Section P, Koolies not considered suitable for breeding but capable of being good working or companion dogs. Section C, known or suspected cross bred Koolies, so that those with good working dogs can breed toward a pure line and have their records verified by the register, this offers the Koolie breed every opportunity to establish a strong diverse gene pool hopefully free from disease unlike many of our pure breeds. Any reference to our breeders or the Koolie Club by other breeders in a slanderous fashion is simply the shocking politics that all breeds unfortunately share. No matter how we would like it to be otherwise.

Koolie DNA program:
The club has undertaken a pedigree assurance program using DNA. Firstly this will be used to verify that the parents registered to each dog is correct, also they will be tested for over 50 listed inherited diseases which will give us the ability to breed away from possible inherited diseases (none of which the Koolie appears to current carry)and the data pooled to search for a Koolie gene. Some breeds have already had their own breeds distinctive gene recognized, one of these is the Australia Dingo. It is also hoped that broad relationships amongst our dogs may be highlighted to help plan future matings. This technology is very new and so is not freely recognized as being available but every day does bring new discoveries and what was impossible yesterday may very well be everyday tomorrow.

To date around 100 samples have been submitted and once results are received analysis and the search for a Koolie gene will begin. It is interesting to note that the Davis university is undertaking a study to find a herding gene, if they have the confidence to undertake such a study surely our quest for a Koolie gene is not so unrealistic.

Further Information
  Koolie Rescue
  Koolie Club of Australia

Tjukurpa (Dreamtime) Kennels

Last Update: 01/02/07 14:52 Views: 3791

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